Andy Warhol, the controversial pop artist who rose to an iconic status during the 1960s, challenged the definition of art with his silkscreen paintings of celebrities, advertisements and utilitarian objects, such as his famous cans of Campbell’s Soup. Both in his subject matter and artistic process Warhol gained devoted fans and vitriolic critics. His position as a controversial character helped turn the fabric of American consumer culture into art and has cemented his position as one of the most popular artists of the twentieth century. Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1928. He was the son of immigrant parents who came to America from Czechoslovakia. A sickly child, Warhol often spent long periods of time home from school in bed, which he later described as the fundamental foundation in the development of his personality and interest in art. As a young adult Warhol studied commercial art at the School of Fine Arts in Pittsburgh before moving to New York City in 1949 where he worked as a magazine illustrator and advertisement designer. After his artistic career took off during the 1960s, Warhol began to make paintings of famous American products and celebrities, artistically commercializing the products so comfortably implanted in the American household media stream. His switch to silkscreen prints, produced serially, helped Warhol re-emphasize his artistic goal to not only make art of mass produced items, but the mass produce the art itself. His intention of creating art like “a machine” was heightened by minimizing the role of his own hand in the production of his work. This truly sparked a revolution in art and made his work not only controversial but extremely popular at the same time.
2016 TEFAF Maastricht, SmithDavidson Gallery, Maastricht, The Netherlands
2015-16 Andy Warhol | Ai WeiWei, National Gallery of Victoria, Australia.
2015 Armory Show, SmithDavidson Gallery, New York, USA
2015 Andy Warhol, Campbell’a Soup Cans and Other Works, 1953 - 1967, MOMA, New York, USA.
2014-15 Transmitting Andy Warhol, TATE Liverpool, Liverpool, England.
2014 Art Silicon Valley, Leslie Smith Gallery, San Fransisco, USA
2007-08 Andy Warhol, Other Voices, Other Rooms, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1990 Andy Warhol, Retrospective, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
Born in Pittsburgh in 1928
Died in Manhattan, New York on February 22nd, 1987